Maori tamed them for use as pest control because they eat large caterpillars which damaged crops. Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Cacatuidae. Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Notiomystidae. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae. Their food is insects and seeds. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae. Strangely, female and juvenile or young blackbirds are brown! The NZ climate is such that the Silver-Eyes don't have the need to migrate as they do in most other countries. The emberizids are a large family of seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. They eat insects and fruit. They were represented by six known species in four or five genera, although only two species survive in two genera today. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. The Cape Barren goose is also recorded as an escape from captivity in New Zealand which has bred, as well as being a vagrant from Australia as set out in the table below.[7]. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Oceanitidae. The largest and most common of NZ's three sea gulls. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium nasal septum, and a long outer functional primary flight feather. Their most unusual feature for birds classed as waders is that they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground. They are now found all over the country and are often seen in urban areas. The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. In this list of the birds of New Zealand, the common name of the bird in New Zealand English is given first, and its Māori-language name, if different, is also noted. It’s composed of the 10 most-reported birds from the 2017 Great Backyard Bird Count and the 13 most-common feeder species, according to the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. The white-eyes are small birds of rather drab appearance, the plumage above being typically greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast, or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. The Acanthizidae are small- to medium-sized birds with short rounded wings, slender bills, long legs, and a short tail. Order: Gruiformes   Family: Aptornithidae. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. All have 12 tail feathers and nine primary flight feathers. Here are 7 common introduced birds that you are sure to see in New Zealand. Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below occur regularly in New Zealand as permanent residents, summer or winter visitors, or migrants. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. Spotted Shags, Parekareka, Kawau tikitiki. Albatross / toroa - 17 species Australasian bittern / matuku Australasian crested grebe / kāmana Banded rail / moho pererū Bellbird / Korimako Black billed gull / tarāpuka Black-fronted tern / tarapirohe Black Robin (Chatham Islands) Black Shag / Cormorant - Kawau Black Stilt / Kakī Black Swan Blue Duck (Little Duck / Whio) Brown teal / pāteke Chatham Islands Black Robin Chatham Island oystercatcher / tōrea Chatham Island pigeon / parea Chat… Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Mohoua, endemic hosts of New Zealand’s obligate brood parasitic Long-tailed Cuckoo (, The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, List of birds of Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica, http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/, "Evidence for a giant parrot from the early Miocene of New Zealand", "The history of the Chatham Islands' bird fauna of the last 7000 years – a chronicle of change and extinction. It was introduced to many Pacific lands, including New Zealand, usually to combat … Since people arrived to NZ, 35 bird species have gone extinct and many more are threatened. The albatrosses are a family of large seabird found across the Southern and North Pacific Oceans. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae. Characteristics. The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. You can also ... Open the Identifying New Zealand Forest Birds course. This is perhaps the most common introduced bird species in NZ. Family: Apterygidae. Here are some of the most common introduced birds in New Zealand. Sparrows are small passerine birds, typically small, plump, brown or grey with short tails and short powerful beaks. The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae. It was introduced early in the 20th century, and is common in eastern parts of the South Island and the Nelson region. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae. Read more about the Atlas scheme here or visit the NZ Bird Atlas Portal. All are endemic to Australasia: New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand and numerous Pacific Islands as far east as Samoa. These birds are widespread across the country and range from sea level to the upper slopes of the mountains. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. Tui. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. Home >> Birds of New Zealand. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae. The bird family Petroicidae includes 49 species in 19 genera. NEWS : New Zealand garden bird survey. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes and skimmers. However, some birds can become a serious nuisance in the wrong locations, such as Mynas, Starlings and Sparrows. It’s not quite as common as the others, but it’s beautiful. Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Introduced species (birds, mammals, and others) have contributed to their demise. About two thirds of the extinctions occurred after the arrival of Māori but before the arrival of Pākehā and the rest since Pākehā arrived. Proceedings of the 4th International meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution (Washington, D.C., June 1996)", Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds, Explosive radiation and spatial expansion across the cold environments of the Old World in an avian family, Splitting headaches? They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. (*) following taxonomic name: (unexplained), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:24. The scientific name is taken from mohua – the Māori name for the Yellowhead. … Within the family the species are known not only as robins but as scrub-robins and flyrobins. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae. A collection of images, sound files and information about New Zealand's unique bird species. These birds were unable to survive the changes brought about by the arrival of humans and are now extinct. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers. The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae. Family: Dinornithidae, The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Meliphagidae. They are strong, acrobatic fliers. Approximately the size of a domestic chicken, kiwi are by far the smallest living ratites. Painted-snipes are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the 1770s he noted that the bird song was deafening. Eats most anything, dead or alive, including new-born lambs and sick sheep. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. Learn more below about common types of pest birds found across the country. Native — birds that are naturally found in the country or are self-introduced. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked. Their short bills are an adaptation to aerial feeding. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. They are most common in Australia and New Guinea, but also found in New Zealand, the Pacific islands as far east as Samoa and Tonga, and the islands to the north and west of New Guinea known as Wallacea. In the 9 years I've lived in this house I have never seen this bird. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. Locally common; Origin: Asian introduction; 24 cm, 125 g. Cheeky brown bird with jaunty walk. The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family, Meliphagidae, of small to medium-sized birds. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Stictocarbo punctatus. Seabirds – overview. Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and stilts. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand provides details of the nomenclature, taxonomy, classification, status, and distribution (current, historical, and fossil) of every known living and extinct species of New Zealand bird. One species, the huia, became extinct early in the 20th century, while the South Island kokako is critically endangered and may be extinct. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. If you visit the South Island you won’t see this, but in the North Island it’s everywhere. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. The morepork, laughing owl and little owl are members of the owl order (Strigiformes), while falcons are Falconiformes and eagles and harriers are Accipitriformes. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae. Juvenile has dark brown head, paler bill and facial skin. The Auckland Merganser was first discovered in 1839 when the two French corvettes, L’Astrolabe and La Zelee, arrived at the rarely visited and remote Auckland Islands. I have to put this bird on the list just because it’s so cool to see. Common Birds of the New Zealand Forest Here's one of the most well known and liked New Zealand birds, the fantail. This searchable encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds includes detailed information on all 467 of New Zealand's living, extinct, fossil, vagrant and introduced birds. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Common NZ birds crossword clue. Bird orders: Order: Passeriformes   Family: Rhipiduridae. One aspect of nature that you are guaranteed to see no matter where you are is birds. Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae. The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prying open molluscs. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. These birds were introduced to New Zealand from Europe. Swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. For want of an accurate common name, the family is often called the Australasian robins. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae. Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails and comprises the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. These are not listed in any particular order, just kind of how I sorted them. This large black and white bird is commonly seen around farm land or parks. Here is a bird that you are sure to see in the forest or even in the backyard or park. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots and gallinules. These are adapted for an aquatic existence, with webbed feet, bills that are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. Kiwi BirdThe kiwi bird is the nation’s sweetheart and probably the most iconic of all the New Zealand … Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae. Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. The southern storm-petrels are the smallest seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They typically eat insects and seeds, are ground-nesting, and resemble partridges, except with featherless heads. Most of the time I don’t get to watch it as it disappears in a small flock. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. Additional links, media releases and webinars are available on […] They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some minivet species are brightly coloured. I think it’s so cool to observe nature, whether it’s a grizzly bear, a tiny mayfly, or a rare, huge Kauri tree. Birds New Zealand has embarked on the country’s largest ever citizen science project to map the distribution and abundance of New Zealand birds! The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels and lapwings. Adult cinnamon brown with glossy black head and neck, white undertail and underwing; yellow legs, bill and bare patch of skin near eye. The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Strigopidae. 12 of the 36 species live on and around the islands of New Zealand, 8 of which are endemic to NZ. [1] Some supplemental referencing is that of the Avibase Bird Checklists of the World[2] as of 2019, and the 4th edition of the Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, published in 2010 by Te Papa Press in association with the Ornithological Society of New Zealand, which is an authoritative list of the birds of New Zealand.[3]. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae. Whekau Endemic — found only in New Zealand. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. The Tui is an indigenous New Zealand bird, and a national symbol. A subspecies called the, Nestoridae and Strigopidae are described in the same article, Bonaparte, C.L. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Petroicidae. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. Found nearly everywhere from the shoreline to far above timberline. You can see birds outside your window at home, in the forest, at the beach, or up the mountains. Anhingas or darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. They are all over the North Island and across the dry eastern side of the South Island. Many have attractive songs. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthizidae. They have longish bills with hooked tips and webbed feet with sharp claws. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae. The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. It’s head and neck are bright red with a yellow/green body. Even known to eat its own eggs and chicks. [14] All extant species are endemic to New Zealand. New Zealand Birds Online - The digital encyclopaedia of New Zealand birds. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Callaeidae. The chaffinch was brought to NZ from Europe. Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. The family includes the Australian chats, myzomelas, friarbirds, wattlebirds, miners and melidectes. They are in general medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. Its evolutionary relationships have long puzzled ornithologists, but it is now classed as the only member of its own family, the Notiomystidae. Pelicans are large water birds with distinctive pouches under their bills. Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae. The members of this family are usually rather large for "warblers". The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad, relatively short wings. Callaeidae (sometimes Callaeatidae) is a family of passerine birds endemic to New Zealand. From albatrosses to yellowheads, learn more about some of New Zealand's native birds. The species of the genus Nelepsittacus were endemics of the main islands, while the two extinct species of the genus Nestor were found at the nearby oceanic islands such as Chatham Island of New Zealand, and Norfolk Island and adjacent Phillip Island. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa. Common New Zealand Forest Birds. Sexes alike. They are seed-eaters, but also consume small insects. It contains three genera, with five species in the family. Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists, CSV file with names from New Zealand Birds online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_birds_of_New_Zealand&oldid=992598123, Articles with incomplete citations from November 2019, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The common myna is a native of India, east and west Pakistan and Burma. It’s cool to see those unique species, but it’s equally special to see common species. On our website, you’ll find information about joining the society, our projects, our annual conference, and a host of other birding resources. These were brought to eat insects that ate crops. Birds A - Z. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae. This bird was brought to NZ from India and is now very common across the North Island. [13] The genus Nestor consists of the kea, kaka, Norfolk Island kaka and Chatham Island kaka,[14][15] while the genus Strigops contains the iconic kakapo. It is unique in having two voice boxes, allowing it to mimic many different birdsongs and other sounds (including human); also giving it a … Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae. To help you identify the birds in your garden, use our tips below to identify 10 common New Zealand birds. Birds Of New Zealand. The birds of New Zealand evolved into an avifauna that included many endemic species found in no other country. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acanthisittidae. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Meanwhile the female, by contrast, is dull and sparrow-like with little yellow on the wings. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. The fantails are small insectivorous birds with longish, frequently fanned, tails. The New Zealand parrot superfamily, Strigopoidea,[10] consists of at least three genera of parrots – Nestor, Strigops, the fossil Nelepsittacus,[11][12] and probably the fossil Heracles. Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae. The following codes are used to denote other categories of species: Order: Apterygiformes Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Southern Alps – New Zealand’s Big Mountains, 7 Rimu Tree Facts – Common Native NZ Tree. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. Some species have distinct crests. Their appearance is also very distinctive, with a tuft of white feathers on their throat. The stitchbird or hihi (Notiomystis cincta) is a honeyeater-like bird endemic to the North Island and adjacent offshore islands of New Zealand. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae. The guineafowl are a family of birds native to Africa. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. New Zealand Shags Cormorants. 2016. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. [17], The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds which are not closely related to the New World orioles. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and includes the osprey, hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. The list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature (common and scientific names) mainly follows the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2019 edition. Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae. They are sexually dimorphic; males are green, varying in intensity, with some yellow on the abdomen. Albatrosses Here are some of the most common introduced birds in New Zealand. It was introduced to NZ from Europe and is now widespread. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Adult Appearance: The largest of NZ's introduced finches the Greenfinch is similar in size to, but more thickset than a common house sparrow. Grey teal/tētē. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. Birds Of New Zealand. It can be found from sea level up to 1,400 meters, and from Cape Reinga down to Ivercargil. Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". Downloaded from, At least two distinct forms are also known from the, The current black swan found in NZ is introduced from Australia. The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae. A tui is a very distinct looking forest bird. 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O Aotearoa their long wings and to be shorter necked and more wary planktonic! Very short legs, and resemble partridges, except with featherless heads are partially joined at the beach, up!, cranes fly with their necks retracted found 20 answers to the common myna is a very distinct looking bird... – the Māori name for the first time, it also includes complete synonymies with medium to large sized birds...