(5tʆoz�L����o�Ð02W���AP��@Z�:��Eo�K�|'��"�$��T� At China’s biggest coal event in the mining hub of Shanxi, the industry’s top executives signed deals over three days for more coal than other nations typically use in a year. /Filter /FlateDecode A glossary of terms used in coal mining by Gresley, William Stukeley. The Coal Fields™ accepts no liability for the content of this data, or for the consequences of any actions taken on the basis of the information provided. 1 0 obj Coal has been used since the Bronze Age, 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, and was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. << /CreationDate (D:20080624150847) Dictionary of terms related to Mining, Mining, Claim, geography, maps, the Bureau of Land Management, and The Diggings™. The coal was loaded into railway wagons and taken out. /Creator (Coal mining technique) Auger mining is a technique for recovering coal from a seam located behind a highwall (can also be used underground). Whether it is filing a lease or researching one, the administering BLM office is going to be the definitive source. Some mining terms were used in some collieries, but not others, while others, such as “snap” (to refer to lunch or dinner time) were used by all miners in the region. From: Handbook of Energy: Chronologies, Top Ten Lists, and Word Clouds, 2014. It can be synonymous with panel entry, submain entry, or in its older sense it refers to an entry that is "butt" onto the coal cleavage (that is, at right angles to the face). Ash - The inorganic residue remaining after ignition of coal. GLOSSARY OF MINING TERMS (B) Back, the plane of cleavage in coal having a smooth parting, an easy parting in the coal at a high angle to the roof and floor. A 2015 study found the coal industry lost 50,000 jobs from 2008 to 2012 during Obama’s first term. >> Join our mailing list to get alerts for lease listing updates, new features, and special opportunities. 10 0 obj /Contents 4 0 R Coking coal (metallurgical coal): A grade of coal that meets the requirements for making coke. In the early 1900s men used compressed-air machines in mines to cut coal from the rock. << One of the lower cost techniques for coal mining, it is usually carried out horizontally or slightly angled into a coal seam behind the highwall. Location unspecified. /Author hard coal : the Anthracite Coal that the coal region of Eastern Pennsylvania is famous for. /Font<< Anthracite - A hard, black coal containing a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of volatile matter. These geospatial data and related maps or graphics are not legal documents and are not intended to be used as such. It must have a low ash and sulfur content and form a coke that is capable of supporting the charge of iron ore and limestone in a blast furnace. The Coal Fields™ makes no warranty, expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, nor assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, reliability, completeness or utility of these geospatial data, or for the improper or incorrect use of these geospatial data. Induration - The process of hardening of sediments through cementation, pressure, heat, or other cause. Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth from underground. The data are dynamic and may change over time. endobj 1841. Comes from the mining days when ham for lunch was a treat. /Length 11 0 R Butt entry - A coal mining term that has different meanings in different locations. /��U����@�W:B�әV�Q���(LU��fĐ�8� ²{яLxEDa��B`ǰf���MB!#~9�a�L�=�@>�t1�x�P��ۨ��i�,���`�R�hS�mJp��k�s�\,�LvĆ����{���n��Z� _)����!S �@6T�`���J��\b�I��R�+�8)�$�%Џ���\/(�'�d(k�_�H��i��� �� ٢9���������P2��*t�/�5NH(�ћ�`� �V;;��DԤ(�U�9Z﯃!I� 4TTm#Ӫ��+&�=,���}�ۜ�X�����*v���^]���g��q�c�Jb��Cg��12��ǭ!�HV�:-�lk��:.M>X���?>�5��C�fsv�Ъ!0�_H��10^ t�e����!MG�i�{*uza�e�7 �g���{��Cd�����k��\X�ɦ�B-��H��.䩂]�N� �:�K1N���G�aKL��z/�9ˆ?�e�"��ӟ�ιNz�L2Pj��M/�0�]��;�U�4g����~3���%�h��ۜ Y���B=�g�a|mH��g�1wN�4.��ɥ�Loqg�}R���r)�BDWm��p�P�>�|�1�esWi, *�_���ޜ%�tD�j�q���ch⨺㧣汆9Ffo+���IR����ElS��1��/�����;y��v,�5�u{e4M��uIv�BѰ��e�[���,m��&/|���ԋ�j2ʎ0Z��j�B�"N3*g/�O�����(R�Ud9�]��Y+�w�"�XI���,"�i���O-�s����^��kԆ�����9ȃ2�ȃ�?�K�,�$S�Ԇ����! Bituminous, or "soft coal" is mined in Western Pennsylvania. endstream Trump said he put coal miners back to work. Discover coal mining activity in your area and find new regions of opportunity. 9 0 obj Information hosted on The Coal Fields™ is based on publicly available data through the Bureau of Land Management. Ore – Any natural combination of minerals. /F1 6 0 R /F2 7 0 R /F3 8 0 R>> The Coal Fields™ is a resource for locating where coal leases are and have been. ya f*** ya! In … … Strictly speaking, it is a mixture of carbon dioxide and nitrogen. Active workings - any place in any mine where miners are normally required to work or travel. << A Glossary of the technical terms in use in the Newcastle (and UK collieries) collieries. Natural hazards may or may not be depicted on the data and maps, and land users should exercise due caution. The user is responsible to verify the limitations of the geospatial data and to use the data accordingly. Open Pit Mine – Because of the danger associated with drifts, open-pit mines are dug from the ground down and are never tunneled and are the most common form of hard-rocking mining today. >> /Type /Page To work with the cleavage is said to work the 'back of the slip' or 'on the back'. : exclamation of surprise, many times used when slightly angry at someone. Coal Mining. Europeans began mining coal in New Zealand in the 1840s. /Parent 3 0 R Publication date 1883 Topics Coal mines and mining Publisher London, New York, E. & F.N. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. >> Black Damp - a term generally applied to carbon dioxide. Consequently, coal is one of the most significant sources of carbon emissions and air pollution, which have significant environmental and health impacts. Search for owners by first name, last name, company, location, etc. During Obama’s second term, the industry employment in coal mining has fallen by another 33,300 jobs, 10,900 of which occurred in the last year alone, according to federal data.Currently, coal mining employs 69,460 Americans, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 6,400 job losses the mining industry has suffered in recent months tracks with utility companies' waning demand for coal. Glossary of Coal Mining Terms Abandoned areas - section, panels and other areas that are not ventilated and examined in the manner required for work places. 4 0 obj Mining. "The banana is yella." >> 5 0 obj 2622 endobj stream The data and maps may not be used to determine title, ownership, legal descriptions or boundaries, legal jurisdiction, or restrictions that may be in place on either public or private land. Apex - The top or terminal edge of a vein on surface or its nearest point to the surface. Net Income (TTM): $271.4 million. Yatesy : someone from Yatesville, a patch outside of Shendo (see patch) yella : color. American Congress On Surveying And Mapping (ACSM), Bonus And Rental Accounting Support System (BRASS), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act (CERCLA), Contiguous Lands And Contiguous Legal Subdivisions, Government Technical Representation (GTR), Information Resource Management Advisory Committee (IRMAC), National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), National Archives And Records Administration (NARA), Prevention Of Significant Deterioration (PSD), Substantially Continuous Use And Occupancy, Sustained Yield Of The Several Products And Services. Consequently, coal is the process of hardening of sediments through cementation pressure! Clouds, 2014 County, PA. ya ca n't beat that with a stick and ten percent of Canada’s.! Number black coal containing a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of matter. 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