0000049871 00000 n Find out its causes and effects, but most importantly the solutions to prevent climate change. Prevention; Ecosystems . 0000088578 00000 n Climate change will have a drastic impact on our forests, oceans, freshwaters, polar regions, and all of its inhabitants. h�b```b``�c`g``�� Ā B�@Q� F&���~ S�A�!��/+X�s�8k�@y�� ��ߓV��ʵ�=Ј`>�(��:A(��Q��A�U��La I��X�104|���ɴo�ꬭk�_]��S�q�0&=]��)g��IHi�E&�6� J�$�O���J -,B2]�{�,:�\�x�OVqp��\;G0�c�BK;�E��wR�ʞ��fp��_���%��j The government re ects this in the Seventh National Development Plan (7NDP) and other policy pronouncements: National Disaster Management Policy and National Climate Change Policy. 0000022850 00000 n While climate change is widely regarded as a threat to food security in southern Africa, few studies attempt to link the impacts of climate change on agriculture with the specificities of smallholder livelihoods. In 2009 Zambia’s Ministry of Finance and Development Planning requested that Zambia become a pilot country under PPCR, which was approved, leading to the availability of funding and other support from PPCR. 1. 0000062602 00000 n Zambia has tremendous natural resource wealth but faces increasing threats to its environment, including deforestation and wildlife trafficking, and the effects of climate shocks. The literature addressing climate change specifically in Zambia is much thinner and focuses mostly on Zambia’s climate change struggles, mainly in terms of negative impacts on Zambia’s agriculture and food production. • Every American is vulnerable to the health impacts associated with climate change. 0000061939 00000 n • Every American is vulnerable to the health impacts associated with climate change. Zambia has been experiencing adverse impacts of climate change - including an increase in frequency and severity of seasonal droughts, occasional dry spells, increased temperatures in valleys, flash floods and changes in the growing season. Things that we depend upon and value — water, energy, transportation, wildlife, agriculture, ecosystems, and human health — are experiencing the effects of a changing climate. Climate change exacerbates some existing health threats and creates new public health challenges. The African Development Bank has called for $40 Billion USD per year over the coming decades to be provided to African countries to address development issues directly related to climate change. on Climate Change: It is an international body that assesses climate change and provides best available science on climate change. The author wishes to thank the GEF and the World Bank for funding which made this study possible; Dr Ariel Dinar for … We are the first generation to know about it and we are the last that can do anything about it. We are already experiencing the effects of a changing climate. UNDP’s climate change activities in Zambia UNDP has been supporting the government of Zambia in preparing the response to the challenges that the country is facing as a result of effects of climate change. climate change in Africa. And the havoc has already arrived. 0000025966 00000 n Yields of traditional crops, such as cassava, will be less affected by climate change, because of its ability to achieve at least some yield in the worst weather years. The urgency for adaptation is highlighted by projections from the three reports produced by the IPCC in 2007 (IPCC 2007). Nearly 4 in 10 people (39%) live within 100 kilometres from a shoreline and are at risk of flooding if sea levels continue to rise. 0000002506 00000 n Causes; 05. 3 Acknowledgements This working paper draws on research conducted as part of the Meeting Information and Advocacy Needs for Climate Change Adaptation in Zimbabwe project funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DfID). The country is already experiencing climate induced hazards, which include drought and dry spells, … USAID encourages sustainable natural resource management and broad-based, climate-smart, economic development that promotes resilience and curbs the acceleration of greenhouse gas emissions. • This assessment significantly advances what we know about the impacts of climate change on public health, and the confidence with which we know it. The focus of the first day of the workshop was on establishing a common understanding of key concepts and issues, including climate change impacts on agriculture in Zambia … National fiscal, regulatory and development policy revised to promote adaptation 0000015191 00000 n Zambia, along with several of its African neighbors, ranks among the countries most exposed to climate change. The organization has also been helping to build capacities and institutions required to effectively combat climate change at the national level. endstream endobj 502 0 obj <. 0000074120 00000 n Climate change is one of the most challenging problems facing the world today. Zambia is one of the countries most affected by drought in Southern Africa and flooding is an uncommon occurrence in the country. 0000009276 00000 n 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Zambia. 0000001196 00000 n Using a water balance model in a hydrological modeling framework and statistical downscaling of future climate scenarios from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the paper simulates the impacts of climate change on water availability in Zambia’s main river basins from current periods until the end of the century in 2100. 0000003423 00000 n The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. Climate change destabilises the Earth’s temperature equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on human beings and the environment. REPUBLIC OF ZAMBIA NATIONAL POLICY ON CLIMATE CHANGE April 2016 Ministry of lands, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. 19 Citations. Climate change is happening now, and the effects can be seen on every continent and in every ocean. Download PDF. Zambia is one of many countries threatened by the effects of climate change. In Zambia, any change in climate can spell disaster. 0000026018 00000 n the Agricultural Policy/Environmental eXtender (APEX) model to evaluate future climate change impacts and adaptations in Eastern US corn-soybean rotation systems. Climate change is affecting the most vulnerable in Zimbabwe. … endstream endobj startxref 524 0 obj <>stream Background Paper on Climate Change Issues, Zambia May 2011 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION Climate change has emerged as one of the world’s greatest developmental challenges in the 21st century. We are eager to see significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and strong efforts to build societies and communities that are resilient and adaptive to climate change impacts. 2 The aggregated estimated total GDP loss by sector was in the range of USD 4,330-5,440 million with the following sector GDP losses: Agriculture (2,200 – 3,130), Energy related (270 – 450), Health (460), and Natural Resources (1,400). Understanding the impacts of climate change on development priorities in Africa – and adapt-ing economies, societies, natural resource man-agement practices, energy investments, budgets Agricultural productivity in the pilot sites made resilient to the anticipated impacts of climate change 3. 2011. CLIMATE CHANGE I CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE I IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. National Policy on Climate Change FOREWORD Climate change has emerged as one of the most pressing issues in Zambia affecting socio economic development. 0000005128 00000 n 0000007299 00000 n Introduction. Climate change is widely regarded as a multiplier of existing threats to food security in southern Africa (Kotir, 2011). Effects of climate change on humans. 501 0 obj <> endobj Using a water balance model in a hydrological modeling framework and statistical downscaling of future climate scenarios from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the paper simulates the impacts of climate change on water availability in Zambia’s main river basins from current periods until the end of the century in 2100. In Zambia, any change in climate can spell disaster. Climate experts are formal: the Earth is warming up at a steady pace. �����j4%7%���Nv��Im����#�����2WB���Q���N 3�*QT:#����L��/LF�P�l(8����6�Nj�8 ^9����F��]��G�l"���v�I��u6q(xn��8Q���& �ĵ�vȚ��4.z�d��I��vY����5:�/pB�/㕰����*���#'�D���G�-[�:����1B��I�vO�a26��{L�e����bߝ�0S$7���؜`�p�|����E�� ������yQP��y climate change impacts have evolved since initial steps were taken in 2007. On the 3rd of March 2017, Zambia launched its long-awaited National Climate Change Policy aimed at stemming the impact of climate change and subsequent reduction of the country’s annual economic growth due to crop failure and the impact of climate change on energy production. 0000008555 00000 n 0000068582 00000 n related to climate change. 2. Human-caused climate change is one of the threats to sustainability.. 桫�a�����H�T�8&�llll^Ӥu #�� 7���h�1�w��Z@ 6]����a5��X�.��dŔPux���E��E!|���,cap�f��u��u��s8�'. trailer <]/Prev 873024>> startxref 0 %%EOF 429 0 obj <>stream 0000005734 00000 n CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS AND VULNERABILITY Zambia sits in the bottom 20% of countries in terms of risk preparation, and also among the countries with the highest poverty risk in 2030 (World Bank, 2013)5. Rising sea levels cause problems for people around the world. 01. In response to these impacts, Zambia is working to develop sustainable and appropriate programmes for both crops and livestock in the face of climate change. to climate change impacts largely due to their reliance on climate-sensitive livelihood sectors, including agriculture. On the 3rd of March 2017, Zambia launched its long-awaited National Climate Change Policy aimed at stemming the impact of climate change and subsequent reduction of the country’s annual economic growth due to crop failure and the impact of climate change on energy production. Today we can! Climate change is one of the most challenging problems facing the world today. • This assessment significantly advances what we know about the impacts of climate change on public health, and the confidence with which we know it. AN EMPIRICAL ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE IN ZAMBIA1 Suman Jain2 1 An earlier version of this Working Paper was published as CEEPA Discussion Paper number 27. 0 Across the globe climate change has caused serious damage to the environment and to human life in general. The goal is to reduce our vulnerability to the harmful effects of climate change (like sea-level encroachment, more intense extreme weather events or food insecurity). 0000002470 00000 n “The impacts of climate change—such as increased dry spells and erratic rains — threaten to undermine decades of development gains and future development trajectories in Zambia. 0000009776 00000 n 4291, The World Bank Development Research Group, Washington D.C. 4 Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources (MTENR). h�b```��`a`f`�sLRr`d�{�/�p� ���قC����~Ѭ+���,۠�̾2���5:88�-@,���*�ey � Ă`�>�y�"����LT=x~��|��ە���zm���`�q Һ�,��43��s�8k H���b �D� ��<3 The study employs statistical downscaling of future climate scenarios and a water balance model in a hydrological modeling framework to assess the impacts of climate change on water availability. With a majority of Zambians depending on agriculture, even a slight change in temperature can affect crops like maize with catastrophic consequences for livelihoods. MTENR, February 2011. Unlike past studies done at … There are estimates that by the middle of the 21st century climate change impacts could reduce maize production in West Africa. *^�1��9uˮγ6�n[�z@F����%��u�I�]�4Zר�-���9�@�au����� Q�s. One of the sectors that benefit the poor is tourism, and the sector gets impacted by global warming that causes climate variability and change. To be effective, climate change adaptation needs to be mainstreamed across multiple sectors and greater policy coherence is essential. 0000073457 00000 n strengthening resilience to climate change and variability, and reducing agricultures contribution to climate change, and - the barriers to CSA adoption as well as CSA policy gaps It was mentioned that the CSA-IP could focus on three levels of intervention: 1. policy, legal and regulatory framework level, 2. the delivery system level, and 3. Climate change exacerbates some existing health threats and creates new public health challenges. The study incorporates a stressor-response approach to estimate the effects of projected precipita- 2011. Signs of Climate Change. Zambia National Adaptation Programme of Action on climate change (2007) 2. The high vulnerability of the health sector in Zambia to the adverse impacts of climate variability/change is rooted in the widespread prevalence and proliferation of health risk factors within the population. the negative effects of climate change, especially as it relates to disruption of people’s livelihoods. 0000026142 00000 n h�bbd``b`f���9�`��"� ����q;@�� �s���L��- �!�3��` � Its consequences affect many communities and sectors, with the poor particularly vulnerable. LAKE KARIBA, Zambia — Even as drought and the effects of climate change grew visible across this land, the Kariba Dam was always a steady, and seemingly limitless, source of … The current study addresses a key component of these issues, the effect of climate change on the road infrastructure of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. In the village of Lusitu, in the south of Zambia, the returns from farming have diminished due to severe droughts. 0000026392 00000 n Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa, Policy Note no. 0000004571 00000 n Download PDF. 514 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<56070DEBC5BDF6499A6837BB64512589>]/Index[501 24]/Info 500 0 R/Length 73/Prev 862396/Root 502 0 R/Size 525/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The effects of climate change span the physical environment, ecosystems and human societies. Paul S. Chinowsky 1, Amy E. Schweikert 1, Niko L. Strzepek 1 & Ken Strzepek 2 Climatic Change volume 130, pages 49 – 62 (2015)Cite this article. However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. The most comprehensive report on 0000007960 00000 n It also includes the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. Definition; 04. For two weeks in May, we traveled across three-quarters of Zimbabwe, researching how climate change is affecting the country. 0000083585 00000 n Global warming is a phenomenon of climate change characterized by a general increase in average temperatures of the Earth, which modifies the weather balances and ecosystems for a long time. Zambia recognises the negative impact of climate change on the development goals of the country and the need to respond to this threat. )��c`��+& Ȥ The health sector is highly sensitive to climate change, and to ensure that the health of populations is protected from the effects of climate change, it is imperative to include a health component (the HNAP) in the NAP. and life as a result of climate change Concerted global action is needed to enable developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change that are happening now and will worsen in the future. One of the more famous books is the one edited by Pak Sum Low (2005). 0000005846 00000 n Jan 5, 2010. The government re ects this … These impacts extend well beyond an increase in temperature, affecting ecosystems and communities in the United States and around the world. Zambia’s policies and programs to deal directly with climate change impacts have evolved since initial steps were taken in 2007. For some living in Zimbabwe, there’s been one shock after another. 8272 Accesses. 0000020201 00000 n 0000006875 00000 n Despite some evidence on the impacts of climate change on agriculture in Zambia, gaps remain in understanding the likely impacts of climate change … An empirical economic assessment of impacts of climate change on agriculture in Zambia”, Policy Research Working Paper No. The effects of climate change on yields ranged from decreases to increases, generally improving with latitude and worseningwith time . As an African country, Zambia has not been spared from the adverse effects of climate change and remains highly vulnerable. 0000003226 00000 n 0000044086 00000 n The … PMRC is optimistic that the Government will ensure coherence between National Development Plans and the implementation of climate change programmes. However, the combination of late-arriving seasonal rainfall and early drought in October and November of 2006 combined with a period of intense rainfall in December 2006 and January and February of 2007 has wreaked an unusual level of destruction in several parts … MTENR, February 2011. One of the sectors that benefit the poor is tourism, and the sector gets impacted by global warming that causes climate variability and change. The current study addresses a key component of these issues, the effect of climate change on the road infrastructure of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. 0000038154 00000 n It also encompasses making the most of any potential beneficial opportunities associated with climate change (for example, longer growing seasons or increased yields in some regions). The Economics of Climate Change in Zambia. 0000002260 00000 n In 2009 Zambia’s Ministry of … The effects of climate change are likely to be some of the biggest environmental challenges our generation has ever faced. 0000054978 00000 n While certain effects of climate change can be beneficial, particularly in the short term, current and future effects of climate change pose considerable risks to people’s health and welfare, and the environment. 0000003309 00000 n 0000054315 00000 n The National policy on climate change should be put in place … Open Access ; Published: 22 August 2014; Infrastructure and climate change: a study of impacts and adaptations in Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia. 0000079704 00000 n government funded research has declined, including on climate change. 0000008644 00000 n CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS, vULNERABILITy AND ADAPTATION IN ZIMBABWE I CLIMATE CHANGE I ii Executive summary THIS PAPER REVIEWS IMPACTS, VULNERABILITy AND adaptation to climate change in Zimbabwe, with the intention of providing a broad overview of the key issues related to climate change facing this particular country. OF IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE IN ZAMBIA1 Suman Jain2 1 An earlier version of this Working Paper was published as CEEPA Discussion Paper number 27. It draws on a set of background papers that were produced by the Policy … Findings from the economy wide modelling assessment suggest that climate variability has a pronounced negative effect on economic growth. Learn More. Contribute; 03. Water. 27, August 2006 Rainfall Temperature 1.9mm per month decreased (2.3% per d) 1.3 since 1960 Watch the video. Responding to climate change: The threats of climate impacts to sustainable development are critical and these have to be addressed if Zambia is to move towards These factors include inadequate health care facilities and personnel, extensive poverty, poor water supply and sanitation, and poor nutrition coupled with food insecurity. During the course of global warming, the energy balance and thus the temperature of the earth change, due to the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, which has a significant impact on humans and the environment. It is directly linked to the increase of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, worsening the greenhouse effect. 0000006373 00000 n The health impacts from climate change are expected to be particularly serious in Central and Southern Africa The largest declines in agricultural yields within Africa are anticipated in central South-ern Africa (Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola Darker shading represents countries where pro-ductivity reductions resulting from climate change are highest, lighter shading where they are lowest. 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Zambia. Hydropower is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change – and the impact of the changes in rainfall and water availability, protracted drought events, significant variation in temperature regimes, and more frequent and severe weather events that are already being seen in sub-Saharan Africa. Effects; 06. Climate change risks integrated into critical decision-making processes for agricultural management at the local, sub-national and national levels 2. 3.3.6 Theeffectsoffertilisersubsidies–fromFSPtoFISP 68 3.4 Marketsandmarketingstructures 71 3.4.1 Localanddomesticmarkets 71 3.4.2 Regionalandoverseasexportmarkets 76 defeat the threat of climate change. 0000032240 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� Responding to climate change: The threats of climate impacts to sustainable development are critical and these have to be addressed if Zambia is to move towards sustainable development and ensure that adverse impacts of climate change do not undermine national efforts to attain the Millennium Development Goals and reduce poverty. Impacts from climate change are happening now. That promotes resilience and curbs the acceleration of greenhouse gas emissions first generation to know it... World today world Bank development Research Group, Washington D.C. 4 Ministry of Tourism, environment and Natural (. 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