eggplant, name for Solanum melongena, a large-leaved woody perennial shrub (often grown as an annual herb) of the family Solanaceae (nightshade nightshade, common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Flea beetles, tomato hornworms, Colorado potato beetles and cutworms can be problems. Nightshade, (genus Solanum), genus of about 2,300 species of flowering plants in the nightshade family . Brinjals are close relatives of potatoes, tomatoes and peppers. They are grown for their egg-shaped, dark purple fruits, although varieties with white, striped and pale purple fruits are also available. solanum melongena is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Thus, it is necessary to grow out %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%**********************��� Densely hairy surface, sinuate-lobed margin (rounded lobes which form consecutive s-shaped … Large, ovate to oblong-ovate leaves are arranged in alternate leaf arrangement. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Solanum melongena is a branching shrub species that typically grows to around 2m high. More Images. Solanum melongena, commonly known as eggplant or aubergine, belongs in the plant … The fruit are very white when immature, but turn yellow when ripe. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz������������������������������������������������������������������������� • Harvest while skins are glossy and fruits slightly spongy. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Specific epithet refers to the melon-shaped fruit. %PDF-1.4 The eggplants are originally from India, from where they spreaded in Europe and America. The term nightshade is often associated with poisonous species, though the genus also contains a number of economically important food crops, including tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), potato (S. tuberosum), and eggplant (S. melongena). Flower: Large, violet coloured and solitary or in clusters of two or more. Solanum melongena is a perennial found in areas such as The origin of this plant is obscure. Plant in full sun in fertile, well-drained soil. It produces a long taproot which extends deep underground, anchoring the plant and enabling it to source water from low down below the soil. Common Name: eggplant . Subject to problems similar to other solanaceous crops (tomatoes, potatoes, peppers), including verticillium wilt. The common name is sometimes misspelled as "egg plant" See this plant in the following landscapes: It forms a many branched plant with leaves and stems that have star-shaped (stellate) hair and stems. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a warm season tender annual in the Solanaceae family which includes peppers, tomatoes, tomatillos, potatoes and ground cherries.Eggplant types include the familiar Italian type and the long and slender Asian type with a thinner skin that doesn’t need to be peeled. Background The common or brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) belongs to the Leptostemonum Clade (the “spiny” solanums) of the species-rich genus Solanum (Solanaceae). Noteworthy Characteristics Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Solanum melongena. Solanum lycopersicum L. x S. pimpinellifolium - Sicyos angulatus - Cucurbita moschata - Solanum torvum Sw. - Solanum melongena x Solanum torvum - Solanum lycopersicum L. x S. peruvianum - Solanum lycopersicum L. - Solanum aethiopicum - Alaric. Solanum melongena is a cultivated species (eggplant) that was domesticated from a wild relative that lives Asia (Solanum incanum). %���� This is Edirne variety from Turkey - very tasty but thicker skins. The plant has green, hairy leaves, and grow violet flowers that later become a very showy, dark purple or black fruit which is used in cooking in various cuisines arround the globe. Depending on the size of fruit you wish to harvest, pinch out terminal growth and blossoms to allow up to 6 fruits to mature or allow all fruits to set and harvest when small. VARIABILITY I EGGPlANT (SOLANUM MELONGENA L.) of eggplant cultivars (Brezhnev 1958). Solanum lycopersicum L. x S. habrochaites GSM-6002 f: 30.6.2022. Leaves are arranged alternately on stems and foliage is densely hairy and sometimes prickly. Eggplant roots are subject to cold damage and plants seldom recover from cold snaps. GSM-604 f: 30.6.2022. <>stream }���1މ�$�n�#��[�Ge�%��=T�B ��FA�'\�_�/t;�m5�:{�m�#�+�����'Ҽ���4n۟�� ���X���&]��p�mB�ס�z=���� ��3�������i��hđ |���1� �H�+�X��"9T�b�r��y�J�D��u�H^" ���=>��+���U�s�$�۝��dצ�C�� ��W����i��#{�^�]���j�p} �uߺp���VD��� ��1^��1U���; They can have purple-tinged green leaves, drooping violet 1.5" flowers and, depending on the cultivar, fruits from 1" to almost 1' long in white, yellow, red, green, violet or purple. Flowers are lilac. Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit. � k�_��V]Z�ۤ��W1��:�S�~�Yx���t�E��ێob�� ǫ�+ ��ȷG��YQ[=s�s�b���K��T���W�F�0�������kō�:}���-�[{E7Q���s����K�H&����w���4�M. Talong is a popular vegetable known for its beautiful shape and color as well as for its unique taste and texture. Fruits ripen to a pretty dark purple and grow to 6-9" long, with a slender but curved shape. Lead accumulation was higher in roots than in leaves for all the three plant species studied. Family: Solanaceae Botanical Pronunciation: so-LAN-num mel-ON-gen-uh " ".#%(*,,,!040+3'+,* The fruit hang A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum melongena L is also known by its common name of Aubergine. It produces a long taproot which extends deep underground, anchoring the plant and enabling it to source water from low down below the soil. Plants thrive in the heat of summer. � � |� �} � � 0100� � X � X � �� � � � � � �� � # � � � � The eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a plant that is part of the Solanaceae family. Solanum Melongena also known as Eggplant and Aubergine. Solanum melongena. In shape and size, they greatly resemble an ordinary hen's egg. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in color and are arranged alternately on the branches. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. Leaves are wavy at the edges. Solanum melongena (Egg Plant) Eggplant is an edible herbacious (shruby) perennial. Leaf undersides are often covered with dense, woolly hairs, and upper leaves are soft and fuzzy. !�mBY���'j*�}�+����[x�ύnY!���%&{3�.G^��u&���S��"���k(][�Il��nJ�!����z�8�"��ItOa�����B꺌�r ?y�����靎������I��#���"=��� c�:�=�Neԫ5���o��5�_��>�fC�!�� 2/! IN RODENTS / S Mutalik et al /Indian Journal of Pharmacology 2003; 35: 312-315 (5) Hypotensive action of Solanum melongena on normotensive rats / O L Shum and W Chiu / Phytotherapy Research Vol 5 Issue 2, Pages 76 - 8 / DOI 10.1002/ptr.2650050208 (6) It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� The leaves are large, ovate, and slightly lobed. � � � � ( 1 � 2 � i� � �� CASIO COMPUTER CO.,LTD EX-Z3 H H 1.01 2004:07:05 13:41:11 �� [ �� c "� � 0220� k � � � � � � Eggplants belong to the nightshade family of vegetables, … D d QVC # @ � {� � {� � � � � Z N ! Stem and leafstalks are green, or very faintly tinged with purple, and bear a few white spines. The leaves, stems, and calyx can have small thorns.Genus name appears to come from the Latin word solamen meaning comfort, solace, or soothing in reference to the purported sedative and healing effects obtained from application of the leaves of some genus plants to cuts, wounds, inflammations or skin problems.Specific epithet refers to the melon-shaped fruit. They can have purple-tinged green leaves, drooping violet 1.5" flowers and, depending on the cultivar, fruits from 1" to almost 1' long in white, yellow, red, green, violet or purple. ���� Avoid these problems by planting resistant cultivars and rotating with non-solanaceous crops. � @ 4 0 obj A tasty eggplant from Eastern Europe. Leaves are arranged alternately on stems and foliage is densely hairy and sometimes prickly. Flowers: Light purple, star-shaped flowers typically occur singly in the leaf axil. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Do not permit seedlings or young plants to suffer from low temperature or drought. Eggplants can be prepared in many ways -- in stews, roasted or grilled, sauteed, stir-fried, breaded and fried, baked, pickled or stuffed. Solanum melongena is a cultivated to semi-wild herb with large shallowly-lobed leaves with rounded lobes and large white or purple flowers, grown for its large edible white, yellow, or purple fruits. Its flowers are purple and the fruits are generally purple too. Mulching between plants is useful. � " � # 1 2 g 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 �0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0303 2518 41 �` x �Tokyo ���� � a NL 108 H (add.) Solanum melongena is a branching shrub species that typically grows to around 2m high. They can be spectacular centerpieces in large containers and very effective in flower garden settings. Unlike most of the genus, the eggplant and its relatives are from the Old World; most eggplant wild relatives are from Africa. � � � � � � X 1.2- Species Solanum melongena L. - Eggplant + Overview Eggplant (Solanum melongena) or aubergine is a species in genus Solanum L. in tribe Solaneae of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. The leaf margin is shallowly lobed to sinuate (a wavy, repeating s-shaped pattern). Leaf blade shape the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends) The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. Back to Previous Page. Solanum melongena . Flowers are star-shaped, light purple in colour and have short stalks, 5 stamens attached to the corolla tube and a single superior ovary. Fruits: Yellowish green fruits are smooth and cylindrical (15 cm long, 2-3 cm wide). accumulation of Cd in roots of M. charantia and S. melongena than in leaves while the pattern was completely opposite in V. unguiculata. Leaf: Alternate, simple, large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2.0 to 3.9 in) broad. Problems. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum melongena L Solanum melongena is a perennial found in areas such as The origin of this plant is obscure. Brinjals are a warm-season crop. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) Planting Time(s) April through early May Ideal Temperatures, Air • Soil 65°-75°F • 70°F+ Days to Germination 10-15 Planting Depth • Spacing 1 / 4 ” • 2-4” Days to Harvest 65 (from transplant), 133 (seed) Harvest Tips • Harvest when fruits are smaller than mature size for variety. Plant seeds in sunny warm location in peat pots 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting into garden after all danger of frost is past and night temperatures are consistently at or above 65°F. �v�r%=�5���lz�Z�i��},��!Q+�-�.H�q�=+�Z. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Exif II* ANTIPYRETIC AND ANALGESIC EFFECT OF LEAVES OF SOLANUM MELONGENA LINN. Solanum melongena, the aubergine. Habitat. w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The pendant violet flowers are characteristically solitary and approximately 5 cm (2 inches) across. Ornamental white eggplant is a rather low-growing, branching plant. The Translocation Factor (TF) of Cd for the three plants was in the range of 1.16 to 2.29 whereas, TF values of Pb Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species. This plant is cultivated for its fleshy fruits, that through cooking gets an delicious taste. Diamond Eggplant $2.50 (Solanum melongena) 25 seeds per pack. 2004:07:05 13:41:11 2004:07:05 13:41:11 � 0 Many of these characters, particularly leaf and stem pigmentation and fruit size, shape and colour, which are often important in the definition of an eggplant cultivar, can be discerned only in adult plants. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� �@" �� ? Eggplants are cold-sensitive and require a long warm season for best results. Solanum melongena. Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. Space plants 18 to 24" apart with 30 to 36" between rows. ... or soothing in reference to the purported sedative and healing effects obtained from application of the leaves of some genus plants to cuts, wounds, inflammations or skin problems. 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