The Zhou Dynasty was large and relied upon a decentralized administration and feudal system. The capital was moved eastward to Wangcheng,[1] marking the end of the "Western Zhou" (西周, p Xī Zhōu) and the beginning of the "Eastern Zhou" dynasty (东周, p Dōng Zhōu). [23] As the Zhou emulated the Shang's large scale production of ceremonial bronzes, they developed an extensive system of bronze metalworking that required a large force of tribute labor. -A vast bureaucracy-A road system-Mastered the use of bronze to make weapons, farming tools, etc.-Mastered the use of iron to make weapons, farming tools, etc.-Canals for irrigation Please help i will give you 15 points and mark you brainliest. The Zhou Dynasty is said to have been initially strong. For specific movements, see: History of Art. Nobles of the Ji family proclaimed Duke Hui of Eastern Zhou as King Nan's successor after their capital, Chengzhou, fell to Qin forces in 256 BC. One was the invention of cast iron. Western writers often describe the Zhou period as "feudal" because the Zhou's fēngjiàn (封建) system invites comparison with medieval rule in Europe. In the tenth century B.C.E., a small clan of formerly nomadic people swept through China and waged war against its ruling family, the Shang Dynasty. China's first projects of hydraulic engineering were initiated during the Zhou dynasty, ultimately as a means to aid agricultural irrigation. Die Zhou-Dynastie (chinesisch 周朝, Pinyin Zhōucháo, W.-G. Chou) wird in eine westliche Dynastie mit der Hauptstadt Zongzhou/Hao (zirka 1122/1045–770 v. The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history (790 years). The system, also called "extensive stratified patrilineage", was defined by the anthropologist Kwang-chih Chang as "characterized by the fact that the eldest son of each generation formed the main of line descent and political authority, whereas the younger brothers were moved out to establish new lineages of lesser authority. In discussions that demarcate between trunk and collateral lines, the former is called a zong and the latter a zu, whereas the whole lineage is dubbed the shi. This period of Chinese history produced what many consider the zenith of Chinese bronzeware making. [32] Other possible cultural influences resulting from Indo-European contact in this period may include fighting styles, head-and-hooves burials, art motifs and myths. Another was China's distinct class system, which lacked an organized clergy but saw the Shang Zi-clan yeomen become masters of ritual and ceremony known as Shi (士). Privacy Policy  | Science and technology of the Han dynasty - Wikipedia, Ancient chinese inventions and discoveries that shaped the world, Zhou Dynasty: Achievements & Inventions - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com, Zhou dynasty | Chinese history | Britannica.com, Eastern Zhou Dynasty - Ancient Chinese History - Quatr.us Study Guides, China Western Zhou Dynasty (11th Century-771BC): Culture, Inventions, Zhou Wuwang, Iron Plows - Han Dynasty: circa 202 BC - 220 AD One of the major developments of the ancient Chinese agriculture was the use of the iron moldboard … | Pinteres…. Iron was found during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty leading to new developments in metallurgy. As the empire expanded in size, various strong clans emerged and expanded their territories. ), The ramage system in China and Polynesia Li Hwei, Tao, Hsi-Sheng. Rights Reserved. The military control of China by the royal house, surnamed Ji, lasted initially from 1046 until 771 BC for a period known as the Western Zhou and the political sphere of influence it created continued well into the Eastern Zhou period for another 500 years. When the Qin dynasty fell and was replaced by the Han dynasty, many Chinese were relieved to return to the more humane virtues of Confucius. Chr.) The Confucian chronicle of the early years of this process led to its title of the "Spring and Autumn" period. The chancellor of Wei, Sunshu Ao, who served King Zhuang of Chu, dammed a river to create an enormous irrigation reservoir in modern-day northern Anhui province. See more ideas about Zhou dynasty, Chinese bronze, Ancient china. King Xuan fought the Quanrong nomads in vain. [7] Ju's son Liu,[8] however, led his people to prosperity by restoring agriculture and settling them at a place called Bin,[c] which his descendants ruled for generations. © Copyright 2017, Power Text Solutions, All Out of all the other Chinese dynasties, the Zhou was the longest; however, their control over the land lasted shorter than the dynasty. The era of the Shang and the Zhou dynasties is generally known as the Bronze Age of China, because bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, used to fashion weapons, parts of chariots, and ritual vessels, played an important role in the material culture of the time. Economy of Zhou Dynasty was based on agriculture. But, iron brought other improvements besides just agriculture. These hereditary classes were similar to Western knights in status and breeding, but unlike Western clergy were expected to be something of a scholar instead of a warrior. Duke Hui of Wei, in 344 BC, was the first to claim the royal title of king (Chinese: 王) for himself. 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